CBN Interventions: Farmers, Agric Firms Fail to Repay N380.97 Billion Due Loans

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Challenges in Repayment of CBN Agricultural Loans Reach N380.97 Billion. 


In Nigeria, farmers and agricultural firms are facing significant hurdles in repaying loans totaling N380.97 billion, sourced from various intervention programs by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). These loans, aimed at fostering agricultural development, have become a pressing concern as the deadline for repayment approaches on September 30, 2023.

Overview of Debt Burden

The outstanding amount comprises both principal and interest, with N362.22 billion representing the unpaid principal and N18.75 billion accumulating in interest. This data, obtained from the CBN, underscores the complexities involved in retrieving funds disbursed to enhance agricultural productivity and food security.

Implications and Challenges

The failure to repay these loans highlights systemic issues within the agricultural finance ecosystem, posing potential threats to Nigeria’s economic stability. Despite the CBN’s efforts, the staggering sum of overdue loans suggests a need for reassessment of strategies to ensure timely repayments and sustain the effectiveness of future interventions.

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Loan Programs and Disbursement Analysis

The CBN initiated various loan programs targeting farmers and agricultural firms. Notably, the absence of disbursement records for the Private Sector-Led Accelerated Agricultural Development Scheme (PAADS) indicates pending fund allocation, while the Rice Distribution Facility (RDF) loans are not yet due for repayment.

Disbursement Breakdown

Among the prominent programs:

  • Accelerated Agricultural Development Scheme (AADS) disbursed approximately N21.41 billion, with an outstanding principal balance of over N6.12 billion.
  • Anchor Borrowers’ Programme (ABP) recorded disbursements of about N1.12 trillion, facing a significant gap with an outstanding principal balance of N581.87 billion.
  • Commercial Agriculture Credit Scheme (CACS) saw disbursements of N756.77 billion, with an outstanding principal balance of N115.26 billion.
  • Other programs such as the Maize Aggregation Scheme (MAS), National Food Security Programme (NFSP), and Paddy Aggregation Scheme (PAS) also exhibit varying degrees of repayment challenges.

Insights and Future Considerations

Despite the challenges, the CBN’s interventions remain crucial for economic development, aiming to enhance credit access, stabilize prices, and support job creation. However, recent directives for enhanced recovery efforts and the suspension of new loan applications underscore the urgency in addressing repayment issues.


While recent contributions to the agricultural sector are commendable, clarity regarding the continuation of intervention programs is essential. The CBN’s proactive measures, coupled with strategic reforms, are pivotal in ensuring the sustainability and impact of agricultural financing initiatives in Nigeria’s economic growth trajectory.

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