Nigerian Treasury Bills Rate Jumps to 19% Per Annum as CBN Targets Exchange Rate Stability

Nigerian Treasury Bills

Nigerian Treasury Bills Rate Surges to 19% Annually in CBN’s Bid for Exchange Rate Stability. 


In a significant move indicative of a shift towards a more stringent monetary policy, the stop rates for Nigerian Treasury Bills (TBs) have soared to 19% per annum for the 364-day maturity period. This adjustment reflects the Central Bank of Nigeria’s (CBN) proactive stance in stabilizing the exchange rate.

Previously, at the January auction, interest rates stood at 5% for the 91-day TBs, 7.15% for the 182-day TBs, and 11.54% for the 364-day TBs. The recent hike to 19% for the 364-day TBs underscores the CBN’s determination to counter the depreciation of the naira and mitigate inflationary pressures.

The decision to raise rates was anticipated, considering the CBN’s strategic move to offer higher interest rates to curb the devaluation of the naira. Despite an initial offer of N1 trillion, investor demand exceeded expectations, reaching N2.3 trillion. Notably, the oversubscribed one-year TBs saw subscriptions totaling N1.8 trillion against the N600 billion on offer, with the CBN ultimately selling N908.7 billion.

A Breakdown of the Offer:

  • 91-day TBs: Investors bid within the range of 7% to 17.2%, with a total subscription of N39.9 billion, meeting the CBN’s offer of N200 billion.
  • 182-day TBs: Subscriptions amounted to N76.8 billion against the N200 billion offer, with bids ranging from 4% to 19.9%. The CBN allotted N51.3 billion at a stop rate of 18%.
  • 364-day TBs: This tenure witnessed a significant oversubscription, with bids ranging between 13% and 29.9%. Despite N1.8 trillion in subscriptions against the N600 billion offer, the CBN allotted N908.7 billion at a stop rate of 19%.


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The surge in bids, notably the high-end bid of 29.9%, suggests investor sentiment for higher rates, slightly surpassing the inflation rate. Analysts foresee continued rate hikes in the future, as the CBN intensifies efforts to stabilize the exchange rate.

Implications and Outlook:

  • The CBN’s move to tighten monetary policy through higher interest rates aims to curb inflation and stabilize the exchange rate, fostering economic equilibrium.
  • By absorbing excess liquidity, the CBN seeks to mitigate inflationary pressures and support the naira’s value, crucial for economic stability.
  • The increase in TB auctions, particularly for the 364-day tenure, reflects the CBN’s commitment to addressing liquidity surpluses in the economy.
  • Higher interest rates may impact short-term debt securities and lending rates, potentially leading to increased finance costs for companies.
  • However, the stabilized exchange rate could mitigate exchange rate losses for businesses.
  • The effectiveness of these policies depends on foreign portfolio investors’ perception of the returns, influencing forex inflow into the country.

In summary, the surge in Nigerian TB rates signifies a new phase for interest rates, with potential implications for economic stability and growth, while the CBN’s proactive measures aim to navigate challenges and promote a balanced economic environment.

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