Different Types of investment

There are many different types of investment, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. This article outlines why you might wish to include each of the 10 most popular investment categories, which range from stocks to cryptocurrencies, in your portfolio. Finding a financial advisor to serve as your guide and assist you in determining which investments will best help you achieve your financial objectives may make sense if you are serious about investing.




Stocks are a type of investment that represents ownership in a company. When you buy stocks, you become a shareholder in that company. The value of your stocks will go up or down depending on the performance of the company. Stocks are considered to be a more risky investment than bonds, but they also have the potential to provide higher returns.

How you can make money:

When you buy a stock, you’re hoping that the price will go up so you can then sell it for a profit. The risk, of course, is that the price of the stock could go down, in which case you’d lose money.

2. BOND:

Bonds are a type of investment that represents a loan that you make to a company or government. When you buy a bond, you are lending money to the bond issuer. The issuer will then make periodic interest payments to you, and will repay the principal amount of the loan when the bond matures. Bonds are considered to be a less risky investment than stocks, but they also have the potential to provide lower returns.

How you can earn:

The lender receives interest payments while the money is being lent. You get your principal back when the bond matures, which means you’ve held it for the time period specified in the contract.

Bonds normally have a lower rate of return than stocks, but they also often carry less risk. Of course, there is still some danger involved. Both the government and the corporation from which you purchase bonds are subject to failure. But Treasury bonds, notes, and bills are regarded as very secure assets.


Mutual funds are a type of investment that allows you to pool your money with other investors and then have a professional money manager invest the money for you. It can be invested in stocks, bonds, or other securities, and can be a good option for investors who want to diversify their portfolio. Mutual funds are considered to be a more moderate-risk investment than stocks or bonds.

How you make money:

Investors make money off mutual funds when the value of stocks, bonds and other bundled securities that the fund invests in go up. You can buy them directly through the managing firm and discount brokerages. But note there is typically a minimum investment and you’ll pay an annual fee.

READ ALSO: How To Invest In Treasury Bills In Nigeria

4. Certificates of Deposit (CDs)

A certificate of deposit (CDs) is an investment with low risk. You loan money to a bank for a certain period of time in a specific quantity. You receive your investment back along with a predetermined amount of interest once that time period has passed. Your interest rate increases as the loan term lengthens.

How to Make Money:

If you want to save money over the long term, CDs are an excellent choice. They are FDIC-insured up to $250,000, which would protect your funds even if your bank were to fail, so there are no significant dangers. Nevertheless, you must be certain that you won’t require the funds during the CD’s term because early withdrawals are subject to severe penalties.

5. Exchange Traded Funds (ETF)

Exchange-traded funds (ETFs) are similar to mutual funds in that they are a collection of investments that tracks a market index. Shares in ETFs are bought and sold on the stock markets, as opposed to mutual funds, which must be purchased through a fund provider. While mutual funds’ value is merely the net asset value of your investments, which is determined at the conclusion of each trading session, their price changes throughout the trading day.

How to make money:

ETFs are frequently recommended to new investors because they are more diversified than individual stocks. You can further reduce risk by selecting an ETF that tracks a broad index. And, like mutual funds, you can profit from an ETF by selling it when its value rises.



An option is a slightly more complicated way to purchase a stock. When you purchase an option, you are purchasing the right to buy or sell an asset at a specific price and at a specific time. There are two types of options: call options, which are used to purchase assets, and put options, which are used to sell assets.

How to Make Money:

As an investor, you lock in the price of a stock in the hope that its value will rise. However, the risk of an option is that the stock will lose money as well. So if the stock falls from its initial price, you lose the contract’s money. Options are a sophisticated investment strategy, and retail investors should use them with caution.

7. Annuities

Annuities are a common component of retirement savings plans. When you purchase an annuity, you do it in exchange for an insurance coverage that will pay you on a regular basis.

There are several different types of annuities. They could exist indefinitely or just for the allotted time. either a one-time upfront payment or recurring premium payments may be necessary. They may be a simple insurance policy with no connection to the markets, or they could be somewhat linked to the stock market. It is possible for payments to be made right away or at a later time. They could be fixed or variable.

How you can make money:

Annuities can guarantee an additional stream of income for retirement. But while they are fairly low risk, they aren’t high-growth. So investors tend to make them a good supplement for their retirement savings, rather than an integral source of funding.

8. Cryptocurrency

Different types of investment

Cryptocurrencies are a relatively new type of investment. Bitcoin is the most well-known cryptocurrency, but there are numerous others, including Litecoin and Ethereum. These are digital currencies that are not backed by the government. On cryptocurrency exchanges, you can buy and sell them. Some stores will even allow you to make purchases with them.

How to Make Money:

Cryptocurrencies frequently experience wild fluctuations, making them a high-risk investment. However, some investors use them as a supplement to stocks and bonds to diversify their portfolios. They are available at cryptocurrency exchanges.

9. Commodities

Commodities are physical goods in which you can invest. They are widespread in futures markets, where producers and commercial buyers, or professionals, seek to hedge their financial position in the commodities.

Before investing in futures, retail investors should ensure that they thoroughly understand them. This is due, in part, to the risk that the price of a commodity will move sharply and abruptly in either direction due to unexpected events. For example, political actions can significantly affect the value of something like oil, whereas weather can influence the value of agricultural products.

Here’s a breakdown of the four main types of commodities:

  • Energy: Crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas
  • Agricultural: Wheat, corn and soybeans
  • Livestock: Pork bellies and feeder cattle
  • Metals: precious metals (gold and silver) and industrial metals (copper)

How you can make money:

Investors sometimes buy commodities as a hedge for their portfolios during inflation. You can buy commodities indirectly through stocks and mutual funds, or ETFs and futures contracts.


Investing is a way to grow your money over time. There are many different types of investment, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. You should carefully consider your goals and risk tolerance before investing. so, if you are seaching for different types of investment, then you are in the right page


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